Everyone goes through different periods of sadness and grief. The feeling usually fades within weeks or days, according to the condition. But, if it lasts for more than a week then it can affect your ability to do daily work and this is a sign of depression. This guide will help you understand different types of depression.
Sadness and distress are normal human emotions. We all have these feelings from time to time which goes away within a few days. However, depressive disorder or depression is something more. The condition is diagnosable, which can leave long-lasting symptoms such as loss of appetite, low energy, sadness, and lack of interest in things which used to bring joy.
If the depression treatment is not started at the right time it can pose serious health complications. Therefore, consulting the best psychiatrist in Ludhiana is very important to control the situation on time.
Types of Depression
Major Depressive Disorder
The major depressive disorder makes the person feel depressed most of the time for most days of the week. Some of the symptoms include:
- Weight loss or weight gain
- Trouble sleeping
- Suicidal thoughts
- Restless and agitated
- Feeling tired all day long
- Not able to concentrate
Bipolar disorder is also known as a manic-depressive disorder that affects both men and women. With this condition, around 83% of cases are severe. This disorder can involve an energized mood and sometimes followed by a depressed mood. The presence of these episodes is determined by which type of bipolar disorder is diagnosed.
Persistent Depressive Disorder
A persistent depressive disorder is also known as dysthymia which triggers low-level depression and stays for around 2 years or more. It can leave symptoms like deep sadness, low energy, and hopelessness. This type of depression is more prevalent in women as compared to men.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal depression is a major depression type, in which the mood is affected by seasonal changes. It is more likely to occur during winter months and rarely occur during summer and spring. With this type, the antidepressants can help along with light therapy. Your psychiatrist can guide you better which treatment program will suit you the best.
People with psychotic depression can have major symptoms of depression which include:
- Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there)
- Paranoia (thinking that others want to harm you)
- Delusions (false beliefs)
People worldwide are experiencing this type of depression before the age of 75. In the case of women, this type is more common as compared to men.
Women may be facing depression for weeks and months after childbirth which is called postpartum depression or peripartum depression. It can leave symptoms like sadness, fatigue, and mood swings. In this case, antidepressants can help to treat depression.