Depression, Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia: What are its symptoms and treatment?

Schizophrenia is a common issue, especially among mental patients. It manifests itself with problems thinking, behavior and emotions. It may result in hallucinations, delusions and strained ability to function. The severity and symptoms vary from one person to another. The disorder can affect both children and adults. Childhood schizophrenia is almost the same as adult schizophrenia with children interpreting reality abnormally. It generates a profound impact on behavior and development. Sometimes, these are also regarded as psychotic problems. To overcome such kind of behavior, counseling for psychotic problems is done which helps the patient learn how to independently carry out normal daily tasks.


Generalized symptoms:

Hallucinations. This is hearing or seeing things that don’t exist. The most common being auditory hallucinations with the patient hearing voices.

Delusions. These are false beliefs that are not reality-based. These may include the patient thinking certain gestures are aimed at them, extreme paranoia about being watched, thinking that another person is in love with them.

Disorganized thinking. This is noted through the speech pattern. Disorganized thinking impairs effective speech with the patient jumping from one unrelated topic to another, inability to stick to the answers or questions asked and putting together meaningless phrases.

Negative symptoms. This refers to the lack of normal functioning. The patient may speak in monotones and lack facial expressions or any show of emotions. It may also include neglect of hygiene and loss of interest in activities they once enjoyed.

Treatment

Medication

Use of antipsychotic drugs to regulate the psychotic symptoms. These are drugs that deal with hallucinations, delusions, and lack of emotion.

Psychotherapy

Therapy for psychotic symptoms can be coupled with medication to help the patient cope with the disorder, therapies include; individual therapy and family therapy.  They help all parties involved get therapy for the psychotic problems and how to deal with the patient.

Signs and Symptoms of Depression Schizophrenia Disorder

Depression Schizophrenia disorder affects each person differently. Some people experience cycles of severe symptoms, followed by periods of improvement.

Symptoms may include the following:

  • Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that no one else can see or hear)
  • Delusions (false, sometimes paranoid beliefs)
  • Disorganized or illogical thinking (switching very quickly between unrelated topics; speech may seem jumbled)
  • Depressed mood (feelings of sadness, emptiness, or worthlessness that won’t go away)
  • Mania (feelings of euphoria, racing thoughts, or risky behavior)
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior

 

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Testing and Diagnosis of Depression Schizophrenia Disorder

Your healthcare provider will complete a mental health assessment if he or she suspects Depression Schizophrenia disorder.

You will also be referred to a psychiatrist.

Your doctor will rule out medical or drug-related conditions that could cause similar symptoms. These conditions could include stroke, brain injury, certain liver diseases, some autoimmune conditions, vitamin deficiencies, untreated syphilis, or withdrawal from alcohol or benzodiazepines.

Disorders and Conditions Related to Depression Schizophrenia Disorder

To receive a diagnosis of Depression Schizophrenia disorder, you must experience certain psychotic symptoms during a period of two weeks or longer when you do not experience mood episodes, such as manic or depressive episodes. In addition, mood episodes must be present during most of your illness.

Some people only experience psychotic symptoms during a disturbance in mood. In these instances, doctors diagnose bipolar disorder or depression with psychotic features.   The difference is slight, but it can affect the type of medication used during treatment.

People with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sometimes experience psychotic symptoms, such as hearing voices or seeing things that aren’t real. People with PTSD often have intrusive thoughts or flashbacks of past traumatic events. It can be difficult to distinguish between these flashbacks and true hallucinations.

Because the symptoms can overlap, it is not always clear whether a person has PTSD or a Depression Depression Schizophrenia-like illness, such as Depression Depression Schizophrenia or Depression Schizophrenia disorder.

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